Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization by Olof Hallonsten

By Olof Hallonsten

This ebook analyses the emergence of a reworked titanic technological know-how in Europe and the U.S., utilizing either historic and sociological views. It indicates how technology-intensive ordinary sciences grew to a widespread place in Western societies in the course of the post-World struggle II period, and the way their improvement cohered with either technological and social advancements. on the helm of post-war technological know-how are large-scale tasks, essentially in physics, which obtain giant cash from the general public purse. 

Big technological know-how Transformed indicates how those initiatives, popularly known as 'Big Science', became symbols of growth. It analyses alterations to the political and sociological frameworks surrounding publicly-funding technology, and their influence on a few new accelerator and reactor-based amenities that experience come to prominence in fabrics technological know-how and the lifestyles sciences. Interdisciplinary in scope, this e-book could be of significant curiosity to historians, sociologists and philosophers of science.

Show description

Read Online or Download Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States PDF

Similar history & philosophy books

Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters

Based in 1540, the Society of Jesus was once considered for hundreds of years as an obstacle to the advance of recent technological know-how. The Jesuit academic approach used to be deemed conservative and antithetical to artistic proposal, whereas the Order and its contributors have been blamed through Galileo, Descartes, and their disciples for nearly each continuing opposed to the hot technology.

Monad to man : the concept of progress in evolutionary biology

The assumption of evolution: it fascinates a few of us, disturbs others, and leaves just a only a few humans detached. In an immense new interpretation of evolutionary concept, Michael Ruse pinpoints the typical resource of this appeal and soreness. A well known author on evolutionary idea and its heritage, Ruse has lengthy been delicate to the truth that many people--and no longer easily spiritual enthusiasts--find whatever deeply troubling approximately a lot of what passes for technological know-how in evolutionary circles.

The Splendid Feast of Reason

It really is demanding to think that this can be Dr. Singer's first ebook, in accordance with how well-written it really is. i'm hoping he's engaged on a moment. i just can't think what number nice rules are packed into this one brief paintings. i finished up underlining each fifth line or so. easily placed, this e-book is for everybody who acknowledges the mass irrationality of humanity.

Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive Practices Toward Parity

  The geoscience crew has a reduce percentage of girls in comparison to the overall inhabitants of the us and in comparison to many different STEM fields. This quantity explores matters concerning gender parity within the geosciences, and sheds mild on the superior practices that elevate participation via girls and advertise parity.

Extra resources for Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States

Example text

Organizations also, to some degree, follow routines that may seem to run counter to their purpose(s) and that only partially cohere with formal or declared practices, but that are explicitly or implicitly believed to render them social legitimacy and prestige (Meyer and Rowan 1977; DiMaggio and Powell 1983). This goes for the organizations of Big Science as well as for the organizations that embed and enable Big Science: governmental agencies, universities, research institutes, scientific societies, and trade unions, for example.

5). This is a key postulation for the analysis in this book: Transformed Big Science laboratories are characterized by an increased fickleness that has to do with a broader and more complex interface with the institutions of science, politics, society, and the economy (Chap. 6). The fickleness, in turn, has evolved both because of an endogenous capacity or potential to satisfy an increasing set of demands from an increasing number of actors (Chaps. 2 and 3), and the increased pressure of these demands as such, which have all become deeply intertwined with policy, the priority-setting, and the creation and implementation of standards of quality, relevance, and accountability.

G. Meyer and Scott 1983). These “institutional logics” that consist of norms and value systems that govern individual and organizational behavior differ, importantly, between institutions and can be distinguished as part of an analysis of the interplay of various interests and actions in negotiations over prioritysetting (Thornton and Ocasio 1999; Thornton et al. 2012). 1 Introduction and Framework 31 Institutions matter, and therefore the institutional perspective on organizations and governance is necessary.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.53 of 5 – based on 11 votes

Published by admin