Benton MacKaye: conservationist, planner, and creator of the by Larry Anderson

By Larry Anderson

Planner and originator of the Appalachian path and a cofounder of the barren region Society, Benton MacKaye (1879-1975) used to be a pioneer in linking the recommendations of maintenance and game. Spanning three-quarters of a century, his lengthy and efficient profession had an enormous effect on rising hobbies in conservation, environmentalism, and nearby making plans. MacKaye's seminal rules on outside sport, desolate tract defense, land-use making plans, neighborhood improvement, and transportation have encouraged generations of activists, execs, and adventurers looking to strike a harmonious stability among human desire and the usual environment.This pathbreaking biography offers the 1st entire portrait of this important and particular determine in American environmental, highbrow, and cultural background. Drawing on large study, Larry Anderson strains MacKaye's huge occupation, examines his many released works, and describes the significance of MacKaye's relationships with such influential figures as Lewis Mumford, Aldo Leopold, and Walter Lippmann. This ebook will entice scholars, students, and pros in maintenance, conservation, game, making plans, and American experiences, in addition to common readers drawn to those matters.

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Extra info for Benton MacKaye: conservationist, planner, and creator of the Appalachian Trail

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Washington would emerge now and then from a cloud, on another, to the northwest, the Franconia range was seen through Carrigain Notch; to the northeast I could see over into Maine, and on the south away in the distance I could make out the hills of old Massachusetts. 28 ^ By the time he graduated, MacKaye had augmented his studies under Shaler and Davis with courses in other physical sciences, including astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and glacial geology. Under Albert Bushnell Hart, he studied the constitutional and political history of the United States from 1781 to 1868, an era he would return to repeatedly in developing a rationale for reorganizing the nation’s political framework along what he saw as more rational biogeographical grounds.

But his brother need not have worried: he was a MacKaye, after all. Benton, it would become clear, was never to be without ambition. ^ ^ 2 From Harvard Yard to the “Primaevial Forest” 1896–1903 E very year, Harvard geologist William Morris Davis began his first lecture in Geography A, “Elementary Physiography,” in the same dramatic manner. Standing before the students assembled in his Agassiz Museum classroom, Davis held in his hand a six-inch globe. ” “That was my guidepost No. 1 When seventeen-year-old Benton registered as a Harvard freshman on October 1, 1896, he was no stranger to the venerable environs of Harvard Yard.

63 The MacKaye Inheritance • 27 However tedious Benton found his formal studies, his eyes were opened to other stimulating influences and ideas. Charles Davenport, the patriarch of the family with whom he lived, could still recall Lafayette’s 1824 visit to Harvard. A successful businessman, Davenport had long dreamed of a plan for the residential and commercial development of the banks of the Charles River. The elaborate plans for what Davenport called his “povements” hung on the walls of an upstairs room.

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