Bakhtin's theory of the literary chronotope : reflections, by Nele Bemong, Pieter Borghart, Michel De Dobbeleer,

By Nele Bemong, Pieter Borghart, Michel De Dobbeleer, Kristoffel Demoen, Koen De Temmerman, Bart Keunen

This edited quantity is the 1st scholarly tome completely devoted to Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of the literary chronotope. this idea, first and foremost constructed within the Thirties and used as a body of reference all through Bakhtin’s personal writings, has been hugely influential in literary experiences. After an extensive
introduction that serves as a ‘state of the art,’ the amount is split into 4 major elements: philosophical reflections, relevance of the chronotope for literary heritage, chronotopical readings and a few views for literary concept. those thematic different types comprise contributions by way of well-established Bakhtin experts equivalent to Gary Saul Morson and Michael Holquist, in addition to a few essays by means of students who've released in this topic prior to. jointly the papers during this quantity discover the results of Bakhtin’s idea of the chronotope for various theoretical themes reminiscent of literary mind's eye, polysystem thought and literary edition; for contemporary perspectives on literary background starting from the hellenistic romance to nineteenth century realism; and for analyses of famous novelists and poets as varied as Milton, Fielding, Dickinson, Dostoevsky, Papadiamandis, and DeLillo.

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Additional info for Bakhtin's theory of the literary chronotope : reflections, applications, perspectives

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For the rest of his life he will study at various different levels – art, ethics, metalinguistics – the utter givenness of this gap and the epistemological and ethical consequences that flow from it. In a major work of this period (roughly contemporaneous with “Art and Answerability”), Bakhtin goes out of his way to insist on the exceptional place that each individual human occupies in existence: “[…] only I – the one and only I – occupy in a given set of circumstances this particular place at this particular time; all other human beings are situated outside me” (Bakhtin 1990a: 23).

Book Page 26 Tuesday, May 4, 2010 5:47 PM 26 PART II – PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTIONS What is most notable from the work of the 1920s is Bakhtin’s use of visual metaphors as a way to dramatize the usefulness of time-space in defining the necessity of the other in formulation of the self. From a simple phenomenological analysis of two persons looking at each other, he defines two categories that will shape his approach to the conundrum of the bifurcated self. The first of these is what Bakhtin calls the “excess of seeing” (izbytok videniia/избыток видения): When I contemplate a whole human being who is situated outside and over against me, our concrete, actually experienced horizons do not coincide [why space is important].

He does so by invoking transgredience, rather than transcendence as defining the nature of the gap in being. Transgredient is a recondite term deriving from “transgress”, going beyond the bounds. Bakhtin’s favorite illustration of transgredience, repeated throughout his works, is based on what he called the surplus of seeing that I mentioned earlier; when you and I face each other, I can see things behind your head you do not see, and you can see things behind my head that I cannot see. In other words, the things I cannot see are not outside experience as such, they are merely outside – they transgress – the boundaries of what is available to my sight in a particular moment.

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