Mothers and Children: Jewish Family Life in Medieval Europe by Elisheva Baumgarten

By Elisheva Baumgarten

This booklet provides a man-made historical past of the family--the most simple development block of medieval Jewish communities--in Germany and northern France through the excessive center a while. targeting the specified roles of moms and kids, it additionally advances contemporary efforts to jot down a comparative Jewish-Christian social history.

Elisheva Baumgarten attracts on a wealthy trove of basic assets to offer an entire portrait of medieval Jewish kin lifestyles throughout the interval of formative years from delivery to the start of formal schooling at age seven. Illustrating the significance of realizing Jewish perform within the context of Christian society and spotting the shared foundations in either societies, Baumgarten's exam of Jewish and Christian practices and attitudes is explicitly comparative. Her research is additionally wideranging, protecting approximately each point of domestic existence and childrearing, together with being pregnant, midwifery, delivery and initiation rituals, nursing, sterility, infanticide, remarriage, attitudes towards father and mother, gender hierarchies, divorce, widowhood, early schooling, and where of youngsters in the house, synagogue, and community.

A richly exact and deeply researched contribution to our figuring out of the connection among Jews and their non-Jewish associates, Mothers and Children offers a key research of the historical past of Jewish households in medieval Ashkenaz.

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Jews, Medicine, and Medieval Society by Joseph Shatzmiller

By Joseph Shatzmiller

Jews have been excluded from such a lot professions in medieval, predominantly Christian Europe. Bigotry used to be common, but Jews have been accredited as medical professionals and surgeons, administering not just to different Jews yet to Christians besides. Why did medieval Christians droop their worry and suspicion of the Jews, permitting them to check up on their our bodies, or even, every now and then, to figure out their survival? What used to be the character of the doctor-patient dating? Did the legislations defend Jewish medical professionals in disputes over care and treatment?Joseph Shatzmiller explores those and different interesting questions within the first complete social background of the medieval Jewish healthcare professional. in line with broad archival study in Provence, Spain, and Italy, and a deep analyzing of the generally scattered literature, Shatzmiller examines the social and monetary forces that allowed Jewish doctors to outlive and thrive in 13th- and fourteenth-century Europe. His insights will turn out attention-grabbing to students and scholars of Judaica, medieval historical past, and the background of drugs.

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The Making of Western Jewry, 1600-1819 by L. Kochan

By L. Kochan

In a extensive sweep from valuable Europe to eire and from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century, this strange paintings places the Jewish neighborhood and its rabbinic and "lay" leaders on the heart of Jewish historical past. Of surpassing price is Kochan's remedy of the neighborhood not just as a non secular but additionally as a political unit. It exhibits the group at grips with the Reformation and the creation of the ghetto method within the Italian states. Kochan's research of the conflict of pursuits among the few filthy rich and the multitude of terrible Jews increases doubts concerning the entire idea of "community." The later chapters seriously research the coverage of emancipation as pursued by way of the Jewish management in France and the German and Italian states through the wars of the French revolution and the Napoleonic interval. This part discusses the failure of Jewish international relations on the Congress of Vienna. a last bankruptcy expounds the emergence of Orthodoxy when it comes to the tumultuous adjustments in Jewish society over those centuries.

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Transferring to America: Jewish Interpretations of American by Rael Meyerowitz

By Rael Meyerowitz

This booklet makes use of fresh psychoanalytic conception to research the paintings of 3 modern scholars--Harold Bloom, Stanley Cavell, and Sacvan Bercovitch--while viewing their paintings as expressing Jewish immigrant wishes for integration into American culture.

"This ebook will fill an incredible hole within the heritage of yankee feedback and ethnic reviews. It additionally matters 3 commonly learn critics whose paintings has uninterrupted curiosity for the overall critics writing today." -- Sander L. Gilman, Cornell University

This ebook essentially matters the paintings of 3 in demand literary students, Harold Bloom, Stanley Cavell, and Sacvan Bercovitch, treating them as second-generation immigrant Jewish american citizens. With not less than meanings of "transferring" in brain, the identify alludes either to the old, socio-cultural actualities of immigrancy, and to the psychoanalytic version used to explain the relatives among those readers and the yank texts they interpret. The principal declare is that the theories and demanding practices of Bercovitch, Bloom, and Cavell could be regarded as the instruments and strategies of an ambivalent, now not but absolutely discovered hope for integration into the United States. Their cultural identification as participants of the Jewish minority in the USA can therefore nonetheless be visible to function as a compelling resource of hysteria and motivation.

"This booklet features either as a normal assertion about the function and disposition of the yank Jewish highbrow within the research of tradition and as a nuanced point of view on varied fields of educational exercise as they're tormented by the ethnic affiliations of the students within the field." -- Emily Budick, The Hebrew collage of Jerusalem

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Enforced Marginality: Jewish Narratives on Abandoned Wives by Bluma Goldstein

By Bluma Goldstein

This illuminating learn explores a principal yet ignored point of contemporary Jewish heritage: the matter of deserted Jewish better halves, or agunes ("chained wives")--women who lower than Jewish legislation couldn't receive a divorce--and of the lads who abandoned them. 17th- and eighteenth-century Germany after which overdue nineteenth-century jap Europe and twentieth-century usa, Enforced Marginality explores representations of deserted better halves whereas tracing the demographic pursuits of Jews within the West. Bluma Goldstein analyzes more than a few texts (in previous Yiddish, German, Yiddish, and English) on the intersection of disciplines (history, literature, sociology, and gender experiences) to explain the dynamics of energy among women and men inside of conventional groups and to clarify the complete spectrum of reports deserted girls confronted.

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Josephus: Jewish Antiquities, Books V-VIII (Loeb Classical by Flavius Josephus

By Flavius Josephus

Josephus, soldier, statesman, historian, used to be a Jew born at Jerusalem approximately 37 CE. a guy of excessive descent, he early grew to become discovered in Jewish legislations and Greek literature and was once a Pharisee. After pleading in Rome the reason for a few Jewish clergymen he lower back to Jerusalem and in sixty six attempted to avoid insurrection opposed to Rome, coping with for the Jews the affairs of Galilee. within the issues which he made his peace with Vespasian. current on the siege of Jerusalem by means of Titus, he bought favours from those as emperors and from Domitian and assumed their relations identify Flavius. He died after ninety seven. As a historic resource Josephus is worthwhile. His significant works are: background of the Jewish struggle, in seven books, from a hundred and seventy BCE to his personal time, first written in Aramaic yet translated via himself into the Greek we have now; and Jewish Antiquities, in twenty books, from the construction of the area to sixty six CE. The Loeb Classical Library version of the works of Josephus additionally comprises the autobiographical existence and his treatise opposed to Apion.

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The Kierkegaardian Author: Authorship and Performance in by Joseph Westfall

By Joseph Westfall

This learn engages in a close exam of Kierkegaard's works of literary and dramatic feedback, together with these works directed at examining Kierkegaard's personal authorship, with a selected predicament for either what Kierkegaard and Kierkegaard's anonyms and pseudonyms write in regards to the nature and perform of authorship, in addition to how the Kierkegaardian authors perform authorship themselves. relocating via 5 chapters, every one dedicated to a number of works of Kierkegaard's feedback, the examine develops a brand new method of interpreting Kierkegaard-- a brand new Kierkegaardian hermeneutic-- that starts continuously with the nature of the writer. This new process avoids the demanding situations of critics of biographical feedback, corresponding to Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida, by means of positing the writer consistently as a piece of fiction him- or herself, the construction of an unknown and ever nameless "author of the author".

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