By Clifford Pickover
</em>Archimedes to Hawking</em> takes the reader on a trip around the centuries because it explores the eponymous actual laws--from Archimedes' legislations of Buoyancy and Kepler's legislation of Planetary movement to Heisenberg's Uncertainty precept and Hubble's legislation of Cosmic Expansion--whose ramifications have profoundly altered our daily lives and our figuring out of the universe.
all through this interesting publication, Clifford Pickover invitations us to percentage within the striking adventures of excellent, quirky, and passionate humans after whom those legislation are named. those lawgivers change into a desirable, assorted, and infrequently eccentric staff of individuals. Many have been tremendous flexible polymaths--human dynamos with a likely countless provide of interest and effort and who labored in lots of varied parts in technological know-how. Others had non-conventional educations and displayed their strange skills from an early age. a few skilled resistance to their principles, inflicting major own soreness. Pickover examines greater than forty nice legislation, offering short and cogent introductions to the technological know-how at the back of the legislation in addition to enticing biographies of such scientists as Newton, Faraday, Ohm, Curie, and Planck. all through, he comprises interesting, little-known tidbits on the subject of the legislation or lawgiver, and he presents cross-references to different legislation or equations pointed out within the ebook. For numerous entries, he contains easy numerical examples and solved difficulties in order that readers may have a hands-on figuring out of the applying of the law.
A sweeping survey of medical discovery in addition to an fascinating portrait gallery of a few of the best minds in background, this really good quantity will interact everybody drawn to technological know-how and the actual global or within the staggering creativity of those really good thinkers.
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Additional resources for Archimedes to Hawking: Laws of Science and the Great Minds Behind Them
4142135623. 4 is obviously less reﬁned than the later value. Given this brief background, can we articulate the precise relationship between a law and theory? ” As just discussed, theories are scientiﬁcally backed explanations, including overarching conceptual schemes such as Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity or Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection. Laws concerned with optical lenses, for example, which allow technologists to build optical instruments, can be derived from theories about how light propagates.
My viewpoint is not without controversy, and certainly other points of view exist. For example, I believe that mathematical laws transcend us and our physical reality. The statement “3 + 1 = 8” is false. Was the statement false before the discovery of integers? I believe it was. Numbers and mathematics exist whether humans know about them or not. ” In other words, four dinosaurs are now in the clearing, whether or not humans are around to appreciate this fact. G. H. ” I think that when we write down laws of nature, we are taking notes on our discoveries.
To my mind, a scientiﬁc law exhibits a signiﬁcant degree of universality and invariability, and can usually be summarized by a simple formula. A law is a relatively secure, high-level, and succinct formulation. But what exactly is a theory? I could have a theory about why snails in a Mozambique rain forest went through a population surge as a result of local conditions at the time. This theory might be elevated to the status of a law if I claimed that those conditions would always produce a doubling per month for a wide class of animals under given conditions and if I could provide evidence for this doubling that a majority of scientists came to accept.