By John Krige
In 1945, the U.S. used to be not just the most powerful fiscal and army energy on the earth; it was once additionally the world's chief in technological know-how and know-how. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technological know-how in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the United States. They mobilized political and fiscal aid to advertise not only America's medical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly conflict political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this test at clinical dominance by way of the usa could be visible as a kind of "consensual hegemony," regarding the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this inspiration to investigate a chain of case experiences that describe how the united states management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technology Committee, and influential individuals of the clinical establishment--notably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia collage and Vannevar Bush of MIT--tried to Americanize clinical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations learn. He info U.S. aid for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's learn indicates how consensual hegemony in technology not just served the pursuits of postwar eu reconstruction yet turned in a different way of protecting American management and "making the realm secure for democracy."
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Additional resources for American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)
Nor did there seem much hope of the situation in Italy improving soon. ” Another consultant agreed.
60 A top secret appendix to a CIA report published on 27 October 1948 was circulated along with the ONR material. ”62 The best way to minimize these risks was to concentrate support on “pure research of the academic type” and only fund applied research in very specific cases. 63 The focus on basic research had many advantages. ”64 All were not only beneficial to Europe but to the United States as well. International cooperation, Compton wrote, would help “increase . . our basic scientific and technical knowledge,” and also “replenish our stockpile of ideas,” which had been depleted during the war.
Both industrial and scientific clients, including the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and the Deutscher Forschungsrat (DFR [German Research Council]), officially constituted in March 1949, successfully applied for these resources. 3 million for that year, and more than all the German Land cultural ministers together could provide for research. ERP support also accounted for 22 percent of the DFR’s budget in 1951 (whereupon this source dried up). The strings attached to the money reflected the aims of the Marshall Plan: it had to be used to stimulate the German economy.