America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

The newly reunified usa skilled a tenuous peace following the yank Civil warfare. It was once a interval characterised through nice technological advances, but additionally through elevated political, fiscal, and social polarization. This penetrating examine American background among the Civil warfare and twentieth century comprises firsthand money owed that display the present ideologies of the time and make clear major humans and occasions.

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Extra info for America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

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By the end of the seventeenth century this conflict had affected the Hidatsas in two ways. One group of Hidatsas — perhaps half of the tribe — pushed on farther west to hunt buffalo in the previously unoccupied Powder River and Big Horn Valleys (present-day Wyoming). When the first white 24 lords of the northern plains explorers appeared in the area, this assortment of Siouanspeakers would be given the name Crow Indians. For much of the nineteenth century explorers and travelers would rank the Crow with the Mandans as the most sociable of all western Indian tribes.

By the early seventeenth century their frontier — a mixture of cattle ranches and Catholic missions — extended to the valley of the Rio Grande. The Spanish founded Santa Fe in 1609 and took control of the Pueblo village of Taos seven years later. Missionaries sought to convert the Pueblo Indians; ranchers drafted young Indian men to work the cattle. In this way Indians learned about saddles and bridles and how to work a horse. After a few years an Indian dissatisfied with his treatment might decide to flee, taking his equipment and perhaps an especially gentle horse or two.

The arrival of the newcomers, now identified as Yankton Sioux, tended to push the southern group, or Teton Sioux, farther westward. The Tetons moved northwest to the headwaters of the Minnesota River. ” That branch of the tribe would continue to lead the westward movement. By the middle of the eighteenth century the Oglalas and another sub-branch of the Tetons, the Brules — a French name referring to burn scars on some of the tribal members (received, according to tradition, in a prairie fire) — were roaming the prairies as far west as the James River in search of game.

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