AIDS, South Africa, and the Politics of Knowledge (Global by Jeremy R, Professor Youde

By Jeremy R, Professor Youde

Via an in-depth exam of the interactions among the South African executive and the overseas AIDS regulate regime, Youde examines not just the emergence of an epistemic group but in addition the improvement of a counter-epistemic group supplying essentially diverse understandings of AIDS and significantly various coverage prescriptions. additionally, contributors became influential within the crafting of the South African government's AIDS rules, regardless of common condemnation from the foreign clinical group. This research highlights the relevance and value of Africa to foreign affairs. The activities of African states calls into query a lot of our easy assumptions and demanding situations us to refine our analytical framework. ultimate to students attracted to African reports, overseas firms, international governance and infectious ailments.

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The challenge, then, is to delineate who can rightfully participate within the group and find an appropriate way to share this knowledge with the larger public. The social negotiation that occurs between scientists and the lay public can be crucial for the eventual reception and acceptance of the scientific knowledge (Jasanoff 1990, 234). At the same time, contending groups within a democratic political system will attempt to use “their” science to counter the claims of others. Experts will argue with one another.

Both schools of thought highlight the fact that scientific knowledge is, at heart, a social and political process. Scientists may make fascinating discoveries in their labs, but the acceptance of those discoveries only occurs by engaging the wider community. Without such engagement, we cannot rightfully speak of the accumulation of scientific knowledge. Scientists become political actors, and their discoveries are necessarily understood and interpreted through existing social frames. Scientific knowledge is co-produced, meaning that “the ways in which we know and 32 AIDS, South Africa, and the Politics of Knowledge represent the world (both nature and society) are inseparable from the ways in which we choose to live in it” (Jasanoff 2004a, 2).

They convinced government officials around the world that environmental protection is an important issue and that state policies can play a significant role in ensuring that protection. This, in turn, altered how states viewed their obligations to the environment and each other. To take one famous example, Mediterranean states did not come together to stop discharging pollution into the Mediterranean Sea out of some sense of altruism; rather, it took environmental scientists to provide evidence and convince these governments that they could and should do something about the issue (Haas 1989).

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