A Summary of Scientific Method by Peter Kosso

By Peter Kosso

A precis of medical process is a quick description of what makes technological know-how clinical. it truly is written in a right away, transparent type that's obtainable and informative for scientists and technology scholars. it truly is meant to assist technological know-how lecturers clarify how technology works, highlighting strengths with out ignoring obstacles, and to assist scientists articulate the method and criteria in their paintings. The e-book demonstrates that there are numerous very important requisites for being clinical, and the main basic of those is conserving an intensive, interconnected, coherent community of principles. a few parts within the community are empirical, others are theoretical, and so they help one another. Clarifying the constitution of this internet of data explains the function of the generally pointed out points of medical strategy, such things as hypotheses, theories, trying out, proof, and so forth. A precis of clinical process offers a transparent, intuitive, and exact version of clinical process.

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Science itself is neither bottom-up nor top-down. Neither is the history of science. Both are meet-in-the-middle, between theoretical and empirical information. The history of science is the history of some important and fundamental changes. Scientists themselves will tell you how dynamic their disciplines are. You P. 1007/978-94-007-1614-8_5, Ó Peter Kosso 2011 25 26 5 Scientific Change have to be on your toes in science. Textbooks go through new editions quickly, and relearning even some of the basics is part of profession.

Emphasizing the justification of individual claims to knowledge distracts attention from the inter-theoretic relations that constitute understanding, and the resulting strict empiricism leads to the poverty that is knowledge without understanding. Empiricism leaves us without understanding. It also leaves us, according to the eighteenth century philosophy David Hume, without knowledge of laws of nature. These two limitations are in fact the same thing, since understanding amounts to the apprehension of necessity.

But this is supposed to be the scientific method, and there must be something more methodical than is suggested by all the vague language of ‘‘some’’ and ‘‘might’’. The scientific method is based on evidence and logic, but the details of empirical testing show that evidence and logic alone do not settle the issue of which theories are likely to be true and which false. So what else is involved? Chapter 4 The Network of Knowledge Abstract Scientific method must involve a broad view of lots of different ideas.

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