By Yongxiang Lu
A historical past of chinese language technology and Technology (Voulumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with Ancient chinese language technological know-how and know-how within the strategy of HumanCivilizations and AnOverview of historical chinese language technological know-how and Technology, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of matters within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture, and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily relating to garments, meals, look after, and transportation. This e-book is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technology and know-how. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai ebook Award (1st prize), and the China Classics foreign (State management of Press, e-book, Radio, movie and tv of The People’s Republic of China) and provides a necessary source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures provided to best chinese language leaders, which got very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the background of Nature Sciences, chinese language educational Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language organisations, the e-book is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technology and expertise, and similar disciplines.
Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Additional info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3
Among the four buildings, the hall of Nanchan Temple in Wutai, Shanxi, built in AD 782 and that of Foguang Temple in Wutai built in AD 857 were more important. The former equals three rooms in full width, which is three times the eave column. Then, the house was divided into three rooms according to the ratio of 2:3:2. The colomn height was obviously taken as the modulus of the elevation. Although it can only reflect the medium to lower scale and the general level of the Tang-Dynasty buildings, and cannot be compared to famous temples in Changan, it can still reflect the fact that the wooden buildings back them had taken the “material” (height of Gong) as the fundamental modulus and column height as the expanded modulus in design.
2) The concave roof with upturned corners: in the Han Dynasty, the roofs of the column-and-girdle buildings were flat. Starting in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the method appeared for softening the slope of the cornice by adjusting the height of the trabecular or hump under the melonshaped columns, so as to facilitate lighting and roof drainage. In addition duo-pitched roof, Cuanjian (square taper) roof, Wudian (hipped) roof, and Xieshan (a combination of hipped and duo-pitched roofs) were used in important buildings.
The Zhenru Temple built in 1320 in Shanghai is a case in point. The Yuan Dynasty basted a vast territory, and architecture styles of Tibet, Xinjiang and Central Asia were introduced to the Central Plains. The Wanan Temple Pagoda in Dadu (now the white Pagoda in Miaoying Temple in Beijng) is a Tibetan-style Lamaist pagoda. The Fenghuang Temple built in Hangzhou in 1281 and the Qingjing Temple built in Quanzhou in 1346 are of Arab style. Meanwhile, mainland style also influenced the buildings of ethnic groups, especially the lamaseries, for example, the buildings of Tibet Shalu Monastery in Tibet include a lot of mainland factors.